The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) is a set of 6 language proficiency reference levels A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2 and 5 sub-levels A1+, A2+, B1+ B2+, C1+. pdfCEFR Level Descriptors

English Exam Comparison Chart

Here are some approximate comparison charts for different examinations.

CEFR ALTE BULATS Level
Pre-A1 - - True Beginner
A1 0 0-19 Beginner
A2 1 20-39 Elementary
A2+ - - Pre-Intermediate
B1 2 40-59 Intermediate
B2 3 60-74 Upper Intermediate
C1 4 75-89 Advanced
C2 5 90-100 Very Advanced

CEFR Cambridge Exams
  KET PET FCE CAE CPE
A1 - - -   -
A2 Pass / with Merit - -   -
B1 Pass with Distinction Pass / with Merit -   -
B2 - Pass with Distinction Grade B or C   -
C1 - - Grade A Grade B or C -
C2 - - - Grade A Grade A, B or C

CEFR Cambridge English: Business Certifcates
  BEC Preliminary BEC Vantage BEC Higher
A1 - - -
A2 - - -
B1 Pass / with Merit - -
B2 Pass with Distinction Grade B or C -
C1 - Grade A Grade B or C
C2 - - Grade A

TOEFL / IELTS / CEFR Comparison Chart

Comparing TOEFL with IELTS and relating that to a CEFR proficiency level is not straightforward. Different studies have given different results and comparing the 3 tables below reveals some contradictions!

TOEFL iBT IELTS
0-31 0-4
32-34 4.5
35-45 5
46-59 5.5
60-78 6
79-93 6.5
94-101 7
102-109 7.5
110-114 8
115-117 8.5
118-120 9
Comparison of TOEFL iBT with IELTS: Source

CEFR IELTS
A1 -
A2 -
B1 4.0 - 5.0
B2 5.5 - 6.5
C1 7.0 - 8.0
C2 8.5 - 9.0
Comparison of IELTS with CEFR: Source

CEFR TOEFL iBT
A1 0-56
A2
B1 57-86
B2 87-109
C1 110-120
C2 -
Comparison of TOEFL iBT with CEFR: Source